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Three century-old history of the movement is connected to Darjeeling



Three century-old history of the movement is connected to Darjeeling

Kritika Agarwal


For the Nepali state, demanding a separate Gorkhaland in Darjeeling, burning fire of politics again. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Baneerjee this fire, working at her own. State of West Bengal Bengali language school level is essential to its decision to boost flagging Gorkhaland movement in Darjeeling fire is burning again.
Getting started as a peaceful protest of violence has gone so far three people died. Both the police and protestors were injured dozens. The government shutdown in Darjeeling, Internet service, which is India's northeastern highlands of information flow has been disrupted.

This is not the first movement around Darjeeling. In 1 9 80 1 thousand 2 hundred decades Gorkhaland movement had died.
Darjeeling history, Gorkhaland movement, and there is another story linked with the production of the famous oven. To understand the movement and return to Darjeeling for three centuries, when the border was not the state nor the state of the building is done at thiebahiri world darjilinabare knowledgeable Captain Lloyd W. and J. Grant are made. In 182 they Darjeeling 9 'find' was wearing.

Indian plains to escape the scorching sun and heat in Darjeeling for Britain's ruling was a promising location. Sthaniyamajha 'dorjelina "gradually became known as the place name was anglicised and the shadow of the mountain range of change in Darjeeling Darjeeling pugyokancanajangha to the market' Old Gurkha station 'also known as. After his rebellion, repression of indigenous Lepcha and Limbu Darjeeling leave the original there were elsewhere. It may be depriving the population was dropping and the surrounding area reached thiyodarjilina history of Nepal, Bhutan and sikkimasamga is connected. When in Darjeeling, Sikkim, Bhutan and sometimes when Nepal is the land of history. If your land is formed by the British Empire in 1866, a new chapter began in the history of Darjeeling 1 arrived in the middle of the 9th century the British rulers for tea production and trade were looking for an alternative location. Tea imported from China at that time was too expensive to grow. China Opium War it has become uncomfortable on the supply of Chinese tea. Tea production in India to seek an alternative location for the British upanivesakaharuka brought obligation.

Darjeeling tea production test is a success for the UK was very happy. It was the transformation of Darjeeling tea production gradually. About 1 hundred 70 tea gardens in Darjeeling, vibrant and growing population thapiyociya farms was hard work. To deforestation, tea seedlings to plant, laying railroad link and a variety of physical infrastructure needed to build their hard work. For a small number of local did not want to. The British Embassy in Kathmandu the same time, Dr. working. Arthur kyambela were transferred to Darjeeling. In 183 he was 9 in Darjeeling, First suparitendenta made. His leadership darjilinale modern form started to receive. Darjeeling market began to improve in Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Nepal lepcaharu again came to power, Mr. Kot away pharkiesan 1846 kyambelabica 3 Jung and was in close contact. Nepal's unstable political and deteriorating economic (social situation in Nepal due to the large number of immigrants in Darjeeling. At that time there was noise in Nepal - Rupee yielding tea plantation, tea tree has stayed hear.

Tea production is not only labor sufficient to sustain the economy, labor, reproduction was also important. The British encouraged to move outside for his family in Darjeeling, an elderly woman named garebudhu boju his grandfather (grandmother recalls the story is. He said 'saradaraharule great-paying jobs to entice people from different places in Darjeeling hills have brought such a story thiehamile our grandfather (his grandparents were heard. they have their command 9ci Ñ ​​garden 0 laborers needed to work on. His search for the white workers gave Sardar Commission, 'budhu boju says,' saradaraharule smuggled through the forest at night time mountain man lyaipuryaumthe sehara. My father also came to the same type. '

Most of the people who came to work in Darjeeling stayed unexpectedly long time. They were sitting in his only choice in Darjeeling. Economic system forced them to accumulate debt. Labor needed to pay for a long time. For men there went to work in the political and social situation of Nepal live permanently in Darjeeling as a draw.

Nitin Verma, then the condition of the workers, a sociologist, says, "Once the tea estate in Darjeeling district is not strictly legal permanent workers to be working when he went to work hotyaham favorable to the locals lived in the jungle away. Some prominent locals to contact them. Unrecognizable because of minimal escape was nearly impossible. Some fled to react pakranthe local dog wearing them. Workers fled to the provision in the award of the locals caught a belayatile. Chronologically, went to work for a man in his ancestral home and place of Darjeeling is to be reached.

Chota Nagpur and Nepalese immigrants who put upanivesakaharule separately. A small number of Darjeeling bangaliharu 'father' had. 'Babuharulai known as Elite, which the British rulers and then the Indian government to work for free. The Marwari community who came to Darjeeling, who control most of the economy is made. Time spent being exploited and discriminated against as Nepali compelled to feel a growing demand bhayogorkhalyandako sramikamajha popular tea garden. Other small community made himself the second-class citizens and they consider the Nepali workers started to delete history.
The lack of a strong history to hold the soil and planted the seeds of their ancestors on the oven bonding jhadisamgako their relationship.

"Kipat" and "soil" as the term has been a center of Gorkhaland movement. "Soil movement is still strong. It has stuck to the workers. When raised the slogan of the movement ghankane Darjeeling hills - his matobhanda greater Siddhartha Shankar Ray, '' not a great reader of his matobhanda joy, '' claimed his matobhanda greater narbula ', Bengal pharkaunuparchatyaham our soil many such slogan arise that calls for the sacrifice of clay. This tea plantation workers living wages and strike for 40 days to go to encourage and inspire a new movement speed dinchaahile Gorkhaland struck an equitable manner, to increase the wages of workers have been demanding wife.Police.
'Plantation Labor Act 1 9 5' money by making only 50 daily wages of Rs 132. While the efficiency of unnecessary work for the wages and the minimum for at least IC 226 and IC 273 ardhadaksata work is needed. This provision of the law also violates the law have been other sramikapaksiya. The legal action is not in violation of the law. Several tea estates are closed manner they please, who left home in search of workers rojagaravihina made chadarjilinaka youth employment are forced to go out. There are limited opportunities for ethnic discrimination is widespread in Darjeeling. Water, health care and transportation infrastructure, including those for the Bengali-language must continue to struggle during chanyahi Darjeeling then agitated residents carry their age-old demand of Gorkhaland. It calls on the way in which that movement is not only the local and West Bengal government, the center is also uncertain.

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